The Design of the Ceramic Membrane

May 2019
The Design of the Ceramic Membrane

1. Structure

Ceramic membrane is one of the inorganic membranes, which belongs to the solid membrane material in membrane separation technology. It is mainly made of inorganic ceramic materials of different specifications, such as aluminium oxide, zirconia, titanium oxide and so on, which are used as supporting materials and are coated on the surface for many times and fired at high temperature. Commercial ceramic membranes usually have three layers (porous support layer, transition layer and separation layer) with asymmetric distribution. The pore size ranges from 1nm to 1.2um. The filtration accuracy covers microfiltration, ultrafiltration and nanofiltration.

According to the different supports, the configurations of the ceramic membrane design can be divided into three types: flat, tubular and multi-channel. Ceramic membranes are mainly used for filtration and separation of liquid and gaseous mixtures because of their acid and alkali resistance, high temperature resistance, chemical stability in extreme environments, and small pore size (usually less than 0.2 um) of commercialized ceramic membranes.

2. Characteristics

Compared with traditional polymer separation membranes, ceramic membranes in the ceramic membrane design have the advantages of good chemical stability, acid, alkali and organic solvent resistance, high mechanical strength, reverse flushing, strong microbial resistance, high temperature resistance, narrow pore size distribution and high separation efficiency. They are widely used in food industry, bioengineering, environmental engineering, chemical industry, petrochemical industry and metallurgical industry. Domain has been widely used.

3. Principle

Ceramic membrane separation process is a "cross-flow filtration" type of fluid separation process: the raw material liquid flows at high speed in the membrane tube, the clarification osmosis containing small molecular components penetrates through the membrane vertically under pressure, and the turbid concentrate containing large molecular components is intercepted by the membrane, so that the fluid can be separated, concentrated and purified.

Ceramic membranes can be divided into microfiltration (pore size greater than 50 nm), ultrafiltration (pore size 2-50 nm), nanofiltration (pore size less than 2 nm), and so on. When separating, under the action of external force, small molecule substances pass through the membrane and macromolecule substances are intercepted by the membrane, so as to achieve the purposes of separation, concentration, purification, impurity removal and bactericidal removal.
Leave a Reply